It is here that Alexander fell in love with and married the beautiful Sogdian princess Roxane. The far-reaching schemes for the conquest of the western Mediterranean and the setting up of a universal monarchy, recorded by Diodorus Siculusa 1st-century Greek historian, are probably based on a later forgery; if not, they were at once jettisoned by his successors and the army.
The 22 year-old king appointed Philip's experienced general Antipater as regent in his absence to preside over the affairs of Macedonia and Greece, left him a significant force of 13, Macedonian soldiers to watch Greece, Thrace, Illyria, and protect Macedonia, and set out for the Hellespont modern Dardanelles in the spring of BC.
Crushing the mountain tribe of the Ouxians, he now pressed on over the Zagros range into Persia proper and, successfully turning the Pass of the Persian Gates, held by the satrap Ariobarzaneshe entered Persepolis and Pasargadae.
It was agreed that the army travel down south the rivers Hydaspes and Indus so that they might reach the Ocean on the southern edge of the world and from there head westward toward Persia. His vast empire stretched east into India. In earlyAlexander sent general Parmenio to occupy the Syrian cities and himself marched down the Phoenician coast where he received the surrender of all major cities except the island city of Tyre which refused to grant him access to sacrifice at the temple of the native Phoenician god Melcart.
Ironically, it is not the Persians but the Greek coastal cities which gave the greatest resistance to the Macedonians. The Indians were defeated in a fierce battle, even though they fought with elephants, which the Macedonians had never seen before.
Gordian Knot From Halicanassus, Alexander headed north to Gordium, home of the fabled Gordian knota group of tightly-entwined knots yoked to an ancient wagon. Alexander knew the legend that said that the man who could untie the ancient knot was destined to rule the entire world.
In the organization of his empire, Alexander had been content in many spheres to improvise and adapt what he found. Alexander prayed for unity between Macedonians and Persians and by breeding a new army of mixed blood he hoped to create a core of a new royal army which would be attached only to him.
Still the Malli surrendered as Alexander became to recover from the grave wound. Antipater and Craterus jointly marched into Greece, defeated the Greek army at Crannon in Thessaly and brought the war to an end.
June 10, BC Babylon Best known for: The second tutor of the Prince was Leonid. He next demanded that Europeans, just like the Asians, follow the Oriental etiquette of prostrating themselves before the king - which he knew was regarded as an act of worship by the Greeks.
He continued marching south toward Egypt but was again held up by resistance at Gaza. But there are also reports that that both Olympias and Alexander were responsible for the assassination, by driving the young man into committing the act.
There were 40, Persians and Greeks 20, each waiting for them at the crossing of the river Granicus, near the ancient city of Troy. This tutor devised a game in which Alexander impersonated the hero Achilles. This game delighted Olympias because her family claimed the hero as an ancestor.
Tons of rocks and wood were poured into the water strip separating the island from the coast but its construction and the attacks from the city walls cost Alexander many of his bravest Macedonians. It is important to note the number of Greeks on the both sides.
After recovering, he divided his troops, sending half back to Persia and half to Gedrosia, a desolate area west of the Indus River. The generals agreed and proclaimed him king, making Alexander the ruler of Macedon.
Heavy drinking was a cherished tradition at the Macedonian court and that day Cleitus publicly denounced the king before the present for the murders of Parmenio and Philotas. In an enormous effort, the Macedonians begun building a mole that would connect the island-city with the coast.
Antipater was in Thrace at the time and the Greeks took the opportunity to push back the Macedonian forces. Alexander sought to prove that he was a hero, not in the legends but in reality.
He went further by ridiculing Alexander for claiming to be "son of Ammon" and for denouncing his own father Philip II. Not too long afterwards Coenus died and the army buried him with the highest honors.
The two armies met on the battlefield the next morning, October 1, BC.
Thanks to his insatiable urge for world supremacy, he started plans to conquer Arabia.Philip II reigned over Macedonia from to B.C.
He became the head of an empire that was expanded by his son and successor, Alexander the Great.
Born in either or B.C., Philip II. Alexander III the Great, also known as Alexander of Macedon, is one of the greatest military leaders and public figures of antiquity. He was born presumably on July 21, in BC in the family of the Macedonian king Philip II in the capital of Macedonia, Pella.
Watch video · Alexander the Great was born in the Pella region of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia on July 20, B.C., to parents King Philip II of Macedon and Queen Olympia, daughter of King Neoptolemus.
Alexander III the Great, also known as Alexander of Macedon, is one of the greatest military leaders and public figures of antiquity. He was born presumably on July 21, in BC in the family of the Macedonian king Philip II in the capital of Macedonia, Pella.
Alexander the Great Biography. Alexander the Great was motivated by a need to be divine. He was the King who ruled over more land than any other ruler in the world. He died at the age of Alexander III of Macedon) ( BCE.), King of Macedonia, was born in late July BCE in Pella, Macedonia.
Alexander III of Macedon (Greek: Αλέξανδρος Γ΄ ὁ Μακεδών; 20/21 July BC – 10/11 June BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Ancient Greek: ἈMother: Olympias of Epirus.Download